Situated in the district of Mayurbhanj, Simlipal National Park is a famous elephant reserve that houses a diversified range of flora and fauna species. Simlipal national park derives the name from the legion of red silk cotton trees found here known as Semul. Sprawled across 845.70 sq. km of area, Simlipal national park has also played a pivotal role in the breeding of Mugger crocodile (Crocodylus palustris) as part of the "Mugger Crocodile Management Programme". The Jordana and Barehipani waterfalls located within Simlipal national park add up to the scenic beauty of this famous wildlife hotspot.
The Simlipal national park houses a rare variety of flora such as semi-evergreen, dry deciduous, tropical moist deciduous, Sal forests as well as orchids. In addition to this, the flora found here grasslands, savannas as well as some variety of aromatic & medicinal plants.
The fauna at the Simlipal National park consist of numerous mammals, birds as well as reptiles. Some of the most common species found here Tiger, Asian elephant, Leopard, Gaur, Wild boar, Giant squirrel, Red Jungle fowl, Peacock, Crested Serpent Eagle etc. Some of the birds found here comprises Grey Hornbill, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Indian Trogon, Indian Pied Hornbill etc. One can also spot turtles, snakes and crocodiles here.